How to make a 3-dimensional map made of paper pulp based on the type of geographic formal area


    The earth's surface consists of a wide expanse, with a variety of existing characteristics. Between one place with another place has similarities and differences. The similarities and differences are grouped. This grouping of places is called a region. The existing places are grouped physically and functionally. The goal, to group these places so as to facilitate the presentation of information. Types Geographical area has 2 types, namely formal and functional, it is said to be a formal area because the characteristics of a place are the same and it is said to be a functional area if one place and another are interconnected.


    One example of a formal area is the grouping of places based on elevation/topography. The earth's surface cannot be said to be flat. An area must have a topography on the earth's surface that varies. To make the information presented easier, a topographic map is needed. Topographic maps contain information about the land surface and its elevation. By referring to a topographic map, an area on the earth's surface can be transformed from a 2-dimensional form (flat plane) to a 3-dimensional form. To be able to change the information, you can do it by making a pulp map. Pulp maps are usually used to provide information about a place in an embossed (3 dimensional) manner. With this advantage, the pulp map can display areas of the same height using color. To make a 3d map from paper pulp follow these steps.

Tools and materials
 

  1. Waste paper (newspaper or used HVS)
  2. Bucket
  3. plywood/board
  4. Lime betel
  5. Tapioca flour
  6. Wood paint
  7. Blender


Making Steps

  1. Prepare tools and materials to make a 3d map from paper pulp.
  2. Cut the waste paper into small sizes. Then soak the paper in the bucket overnight or until the paper becomes soft.
  3. While waiting for the paper to soak. draw the area to be made on the plywood/board. Examples include village, sub-district or district administration.
  4. After waiting one night, use a blender to turn the paper into a pulp. Blend the paper a little at a time, to make it easier to smooth the pulp.
  5. Put the pulp that has been in the blender into the bucket. Then stir the pulp for 10 minutes or until the pulp is completely combined.
  6. Add tapioca flour when stirring the pulp. Tapioca flour functions as an adhesive, so that the pulp can stick to each other.
  7. Leave the pulp for three days. After three days add whiting. Betel lime is useful for removing/minimizing the bad smell of paper pulp.
  8. Squeeze out the pulp before pasting. Glue the pulp on the board according to the image that has been made.
  9. Dry the map from the pulp. Drying is carried out for approximately 1 week or until completely dry.
  10. After it dries, color the map according to the elevation of the area. Give it a brown color for high altitude areas, brick red for moderately high locations, yellow for medium areas, light green for hilly areas, dark green for areas with flat elevations, and light blue for coastal areas.
  11. Create information according to mapping rules. For example, such as map title, scale, legend, orientation, author name, source and more.

3-dimensional map that has been made provides information on the altitude of a place. Places with the same height, will have the same color. Based on the concept of the area called a 3-dimensional map is included in the formal area.

Here's a video on how to make a 3d map from paper pulp